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Glaucoma Facts To Remember

June 21, 2019

Tags : glaucoma,

Older Woman with Glaucoma Struggling to Read

 

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness around the world. The good news: there are treatment options for glaucoma

Early detection and treatment can help you reduce vision loss from glaucoma. Keep reading for some glaucoma facts you need to remember!

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve of the eye. Damage to the optic nerve results in diminished vision and blindness. 

The optic nerve connects the retina to the brain so that we know what we are looking at. It's made up of more than one million nerve fibers. A healthy optic nerve is essential for clear vision. 

High Eye Pressure and Glaucoma

You know that test at the eye doctor where you set your chin on a chin rest and a technician aims a puff of air into your eye? This is how your optic pressure is measured. 

High eye pressure is a major risk factor when it comes to the development of glaucoma. 

Not every person with increased pressure of the eye will develop glaucoma. Every person is unique in how much optic pressure is normal for them.

The deciding factor is how high your optic pressure can be before damage to the the optic nerve occurs. 

How do you know what your “normal” is for optic pressure? It is impossible to figure this out on your own. 

To know what your normal level is for optic pressure, your eye will perform a comprehensive eye exam. 

Some people develop a form of glaucoma called normal- or low-tension glaucoma. This can occur even without increased optic pressure. 

High Blood Pressure

Another factor that plays a role in the development and risk of glaucoma is blood pressure. If your blood pressure is above a safe level, your risk of developing glaucoma increases. 

 If you have high blood pressure and take medications to lower it, take them as directed!

Who is at Risk for Developing Glaucoma?

The short answer is everyone. But there are those who are at higher risk of developing glaucoma. These include:
  • Those of African-American descent over the age of 40
  • Anyone with a family history of glaucoma, regardless of racial background
  • Any person over the age of 60, with an emphasis on Mexican-Americans over the age of 60

Glaucoma Symptoms and Glaucoma Treatment

Open-angle glaucoma does not present with symptoms in its early stages. It's imperative that you continue to see your eye doctor for regular eye exams. 

As this condition progresses, symptoms can include:
  • Loss of peripheral vision 
  • tunnel vision 
  • Diminished direct vision when looking straight ahead
Glaucoma treatment options:
  • Prescription medicine
  • Conventional surgery 
  • Laser eye surgery
If you are not at a heightened risk of developing glaucoma, you should still have an eye exam every year. This becomes even more important when you are sixty or older.
 
This is the time when your risk of developing glaucoma increases.

Not sure when your last eye exam was? Schedule an appointment at Omaha Eye & Laser Institute in Omaha, NE today!

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omaha
eye & laser institute

11606 Nicholas St.
Omaha NE 68154
Toll Free 800.766.8705
Local 402.493.2020
Fax 402.493.8987

lincoln
eye & laser institute

Lincoln Eye & Laser Institute
755 Fallbrook Blvd. Suite 205
Lincoln, NE 68521
Toll Free 800.726.2647
Local 402.483.4448
Fax 402.483.4750

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